ROLE OF TRADE UNION IN IMPROVING THE OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY OHS CONDITION IN THE RMG INDUSTRY IN BANGLADESH

Author(s):

Professor Dr. Mary George & Farzana Yeasmin Mehanaz

Ready-Made Garment (RMG) industry in Bangladesh has started its rapid growth since the 1980’s establishing itself as second highest exporter of RMG products in the world. This industry has made a substantial contribution to the economy of the country by creating employment opportunity for approximately above four million workers of which mostly women. However, working conditions in this vital sector are poor. RMG industries fall short of OHS compliance in relation to the labour practices that ensure the social welfare of their employees. This article investigate current status quo on working conditions in RMG sector and the failure of its existing labour laws. It will examine three different authorities (Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association (BGMEA), The Government and its relevant agencies and International buyers and brand retailers) who shall be responsible for any shortcoming of maintaining the rules and practices in the RMG industries in Bangladesh. Further, it will discuss the reason behind the major incidents and will provide probable solutions towards improving the situations in the RMG industry in Bangladesh.

Abstract

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RMG, Occupational Health and Safety, BGMEA, ILO, Fair Labour Practices, Working Environment, Labour Law